Table of Contents

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Preamble: music of the civil rights at the beginning of the 20th century.

1 – Role of Blues, Folk Song and American left in the 30’s and 40’s

1.1  – The folk song militant blues of LeadBelly and Big Bill Broonzy

1.2 Woodie Guthrie, Peter Seeger and after 1929 crisis’ « Protest Music ».

1.3 –  Cafe Society, » The Wrong Place for The Right People »!

1.4 –  Role of The Highlander Folk School in Civil Rights’ music

2- 1954/64 – School segregation’s laws*, Death of Emett Till*, Montgomery bus’ boycott*: a new era for the Civil Rights’ Fight.

2.1 – The Freedom songs

2.2 – Odetta Holmes, « the voice of the civil rights movement »

2.3 – Harry Belafonte, « The King of Calypso »

2.4 – Miriam Makeba: Civil Rights and apartheid, equal struggle!

2.5 – Nina Simone, « young, gifted and black! »

2.6 – The claiming poetry of jazz singer Oscar Brown Jr.

2.7 – Hard Bop, Soul Jazz, Free Jazz, Avant-garde: »The Black Power’s Jazz ».

2.8 – A new generation of Folk singers & Protest songs writers.

2.9 – Sam Cooke, « The Man who invented Soul ».

2.10 – The Civil Rights spirit embodied by « The Impressions ».

 3- 1964/71 Congress passes decisive laws on the voting right and for the schooling. At the same moment the fight becomes intensified:

3.1 The racial riots in the black districts of big cities..

3.2 James Brown: « The most important black man in America?

3.3 Continuation of The Impressions & Curtis Mayfield’s solo message.

 

 

 

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